Yielding behaviour and interaction at bicycle crossings

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper, not in proceeding

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to learn more about how bicyclists and motor vehicle drivers in some Swedish cities interact at intersections and how the yielding rules, different intersection designs, vehicle flows and speed affect the behaviour.

Field studies were performed at 25 crossings for six hours each. Cycle crossings on links, at three- and four-armed intersections as well as at roundabouts were studied.

Preliminary results show that yielding rules are not enough to make road users behave as intended; even when there are yielding signs and markings before the bicycle crossing, 30% of the motor vehicle drivers do not yield to bicyclists. Fewer yield to bicyclists when motor vehicle speed is higher, when motor vehicle flow is larger and when bicycle flow is smaller. Speeds below 30 km/h seem to produce quite favourable conditions for an
interaction with a high degree of equity, efficiency and safety for both road users no matter whether car drivers have to yield according to the rules or not. Motor vehicle drivers are most likely to give way to bicyclists when the bicycle crossing is next to a roundabout and least
likely to give way when it is situated on a link.

The conclusion is that there is a certain amount of drivers that do not obey the yielding rules and presumably rely on their larger mass and better protection. It is therefore very important that the road design allows for active interaction between the road user groups to get a more equal situation between motor vehicle drivers and bicyclists as well as safe and
secure bicycle crossings. Speed is obviously the key issue.

Details

Authors
  • Christer Hydén
  • Åse Svensson
  • Lisa Sakshaug
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Infrastructure Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
EventTRB's 3rd Urban Street Symposium - Seattle, USA.
Duration: 2007 Jun 252007 Jun 27

Conference

ConferenceTRB's 3rd Urban Street Symposium
Period2007/06/252007/06/27

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