Your Very Helpful Brain in Action : Immediate Disruptions of the Reading Process and Lingering Effects of Error Correction

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper, not in proceeding

Abstract

Two eye-tracking experiments were carried out to examine the effects of eye movements in relation to the detection and non-detection of contextually congruent and incongruent antonyms such as high–low, good–bad.
Experiment 1: First fixation durations on the incongruent word (p<0.01) were significantly shorter than for congruent words for detected incongruities, suggesting that language processing might be instantly interrupted by detection of antonymic incongruities. For undetected incongruities, significantly more revisits to the incongruent word were found (p<0.03).
Experiment 2: For undetected incongruities, significantly increased dwell times (p<0.001) and more revisits to the incongruous word (p<0.001) were found. Also, significantly increased text reading times (p<0.02) and decreased first-pass reading times on the sentence after the incongruity (p<0.01) were found. This suggests that an incorrect parse was corrected without conscious involvement from the reader, with effects of this unconscious error correction evidenced in lingering effects during subsequent reading.

Details

Authors
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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Languages and Literature

Keywords

  • antonyms, eye-tracking, garden path linger, Good Enough approach, shallow processing, semantic illusions, unconscious error correction, undetected incongruities
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
EventConceptual Structure, Discourse, and Language (CSDL 12) - University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States
Duration: 2014 Nov 42014 Nov 6

Conference

ConferenceConceptual Structure, Discourse, and Language (CSDL 12)
CountryUnited States
CityUniversity of California, Santa Barbara, California
Period2014/11/042014/11/06

Bibliographic note

https://sites.google.com/site/csdl2014atucsb/home