Yrkeskunnande och kompetensutveckling i arbetet med vuxna individer med utvecklingsstörning – ett vårdarperspektiv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Since the law of support and service for people with certain disabilities (LSS) was implemented 1994, the carers’ role has changed from «taking
care of» to «giving support to» people with intellectual disabilities/autism, but the requirements of knowledge hasn’t been altered. In order to
provide appropriate support, carers need both theoretical knowledge and experience of how people with intellectual disabilities understand their
surrounding environment.
The purpose was to describe the knowledge and development of competence needed in caring for adults with intellectual disabilities/autism
as viewed from a carer’s perspective. Ten carers at different group dwellings in Sweden were interviewed. A qualitative content analysis was performed.
The result demonstrated two main categories:
The carer’s competence described personal qualities, theoretical knowledge, experience, communication abilities as well as co-working and
problem solving abilities.
Possibilities of development of competence described interest and commitment, support and acknowledgement as well as organization and
In conclusion, the carers’ competence of creating a good life and a confident relationship between themselves and adults with intellectual disabilities/autism can be described as multifaceted with elements of tacit knowledge. To develop the individual competence, a personal interest,
support and time for reflection is needed but not always offered.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Nursing


  • Carer, competence, intellectual disability, social care
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-23
JournalVård i Norden
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch