15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 inhibits the expression of microsomal prostaglandin E synthase type 2 in colon cancer cells
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Prostaglandin (PG) E(2) (PGE(2)) plays a predominant role in promoting colorectal carcinogenesis. The biosynthesis of PGE(2) is accomplished by conversion of the cyclooxygenase (COX) product PGH(2) by several terminal prostaglandin E synthases (PGES). Among the known PGES isoforms, microsomal PGES type 1 (mPGES-1) and type 2 (mPGES-2) were found to be overexpressed in colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the role and regulation of these enzymes in this malignancy are not yet fully understood. Here, we report that the cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-PGJ(2) and PGA(2) downregulate mPGES-2 expression in the colorectal carcinoma cell lines Caco-2 and HCT 116 without affecting the expression of any other PGES or COX. Inhibition of mPGES-2 was subsequently followed by decreased microsomal PGES activity. These effects were mediated via modulation of the cellular thiol-disulfide redox status but did not involve activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma or PGD(2) receptors. CyPGs had antiproliferative properties in vitro; however, this biological activity could not be directly attributed to decreased PGES activity because it could not be reversed by adding PGE(2). Our data suggest that there is a feedback mechanism between PGE(2) and CyPGs that implicates mPGES-2 as a new potential target for pharmacological intervention in CRC.
|Enheter & grupper|
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Tidskrift||Journal of Lipid Research|
|Status||Published - 2006|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|