6-Thioguanine therapy in Crohn's disease-Observational data in Swedish patients

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title = "6-Thioguanine therapy in Crohn's disease-Observational data in Swedish patients",
abstract = "Background and aims. Adverse events (AE) leading to discontinuation or dose-reduction of thiopurine therapy (TP) occur in 9-28{\%} of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. 6-Thioguanine (6-TG) has been proposed as an alternative treatment in patients intolerant for azathioprine (AZA), but some concerns have been raised about drug safety. Methods. We evaluated in a prospective manner the tolerance and efficacy of 6-TG in 23 Crohn's disease (CD) patients (13 men, median age 41 (19-65) years) with prior intolerance (n = 18) or resistance (It = 5) to AZA and/or 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). In addition, eight patients had tried mycophenolate mofetil. Seventeen patients (74{\%}) had undergone intestinal resection, often several times. Results. Patients were treated with a median daily dose of 40 mg 6-TG (range 20-60) for 259 (15-2272) days. Seven of 13 patients (54{\%}) with active disease went into remission after 8 (4-26) weeks. Sixteen patients (70{\%}) experienced AE that lead to discontinuation (n=10) after 85 (15-451) days or dose reduction (n=6) after 78 (10-853) days. Ten of 18 patients (56{\%}) with prior TP-intolerance discontinued 6-TG treatment due to AE compared to none of five patients with TP-resistance (p=0.046). Of 13 patients that tolerated 6-TG, eight discontinued the drug due to therapeutic failure (n=5) or safety concerns (n=3). Eight patients (35{\%}) continued treatment beyond 12 months. There was no significant difference in maximum thioguanine nucleotide levels between patients with AE leading to discontinuation/dose reduction and patients without AE, 652 (99-2488) vs. 551 (392-1574) pmol/8 x 10(8) RBC; p=0.80. Conclusions. In this cohort of CD patients with severe disease failing traditional thiopurine treatment, a small fraction (22{\%}) had long-term benefit of 6-TG-treatment. 6-TG therapy seems to offer a limited therapeutic gain for patients intolerant to both AZA and 6-MP and other treatment options should be considered. (C) 2008 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Thiopurine drugs, 6-thioguanine, Inflammatory bowel disease, toxicity, Drug",
author = "Almer, {S. H. C.} and H. Hjortswang and Ulf Hindorf",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1016/j.dld.2008.07.314",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "194--200",
journal = "Italian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology",
issn = "1590-8658",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",