A contemporary issue of micro-foundation of csr, employee pro-environmental behavior and environmental performance toward energy saving, carbon emission reduction and recycling

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The contemporary literature has largely addressed corporate social responsibility (CSR) at the macro or institutional level, whereas its effect at the micro-level is largely ignored. In addition, contemporary researchers have also ignored the importance of employee pro-environmental behavior to reduce the environmental footprint of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). With this back-ground, the present study attempts to decrease the environmental footprint of the SME sector of China by implementing CSR at the micro-level through the involvement of employees because employees spend a significant amount of their time at workplaces, and hence their environment-related behavior may significantly contribute to improve the natural environment. In this regard, here we examined the impact of the micro-foundation of CSR on SMEs' environmental performance with mediating effect of employees’ pro-environmental behavior. The data were collected from the different organizations in China. Our sample constitutes a supervisor–subordinate dyad from which we collected 562 filled questionnaires (281 from each). We used the structural equation modeling technique using AMOS software for data analysis, the results show that CSR, directly and indirectly, through employee’s pro-environmental behavior affects the environmental performance of SMEs, and employee pro-environmental behavior partially mediates this relationship. The findings of the present study are helpful for policymakers of the SME sector of China to address widespread environmental issues caused by their business operations.


  • Hua Yu
  • Muhammad Salman Shabbir
  • Naveed Ahmad
  • Antonio Ariza-Montes
  • Alejandro Vega-Muñoz
  • Heesup Han
  • Miklas Scholz
  • Muhammad Safdar Sial
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • China University of Geosciences
  • Dhofar University
  • University of Central Punjab
  • University Loyola Andalucía
  • Universidad Autónoma de Chile
  • Sejong University
  • University of Salford
  • South Ural State University
  • COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Företagsekonomi


TidskriftInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Utgåva nummer10
StatusPublished - 2021 maj 2
Peer review utfördJa