A European aerosol phenomenology - 6: Scattering properties of atmospheric aerosol particles from 28 ACTRIS sites

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


This paper presents the light-scattering properties of atmospheric aerosol particles measured over the past decade at 28 ACTRIS observatories, which are located mainly in Europe. The data include particle light scattering (σsp) and hemispheric backscattering (σbsp) coefficients, scattering Ångström exponent (SAE), backscatter fraction (BF) and asymmetry parameter (g). An increasing gradient of σsp is observed when moving from remote environments (arctic/mountain) to regional and to urban environments. At a regional level in Europe, σsp also increases when moving from Nordic and Baltic countries and from western Europe to central/eastern Europe, whereas no clear spatial gradient is observed for other station environments. The SAE does not show a clear gradient as a function of the placement of the station. However, a west-to-east-increasing gradient is observed for both regional and mountain placements, suggesting a lower fraction of fine-mode particle in western/south-western Europe compared to central and eastern Europe, where the fine-mode particles dominate the scattering. The g does not show any clear gradient by station placement or geographical location reflecting the complex relationship of this parameter with the physical properties of the aerosol particles. Both the station placement and the geographical location are important factors affecting the intraannual variability. At mountain sites, higher σsp and SAE values are measured in the summer due to the enhanced boundary layer influence and/or new particle-formation episodes. Conversely, the lower horizontal and vertical dispersion during winter leads to higher σsp values at all low-altitude sites in central and eastern Europe compared to summer. These sites also show SAE maxima in the summer (with corresponding g minima). At all sites, both SAE and g show a strong variation with aerosol particle loading. The lowest values of g are always observed together with low σsp values, indicating a larger contribution from particles in the smaller accumulation mode. During periods of high σsp values, the variation of g is less pronounced, whereas the SAE increases or decreases, suggesting changes mostly in the coarse aerosol particle mode rather than in the fine mode. Statistically significant decreasing trends of σsp are observed at 5 out of the 13 stations included in the trend analyses. The total reductions of σsp are consistent with those reported for PM2.5 and PM10 mass concentrations over similar periods across Europe.


  • Marco Pandolfi
  • Lucas Alados-Arboledas
  • Andrés Alastuey
  • Marcos Andrade
  • Christo Angelov
  • Begoña Artiñano
  • John Backman
  • Urs Baltensperger
  • Paolo Bonasoni
  • Nicolas Bukowiecki
  • Martine Collaud Coen
  • Sébastien Conil
  • Esther Coz
  • Vincent Crenn
  • Vadimas Dudoitis
  • Marina Ealo
  • Kostas Eleftheriadis
  • Olivier Favez
  • Prodromos Fetfatzis
  • Markus Fiebig
  • Harald Flentje
  • Patrick Ginot
  • Martin Gysel
  • Bas Henzing
  • Andras Hoffer
  • Adela Holubova Smejkalova
  • Ivo Kalapov
  • Nikos Kalivitis
  • Giorgos Kouvarakis
  • Markku Kulmala
  • Heikki Lihavainen
  • Chris Lunder
  • Krista Luoma
  • Hassan Lyamani
  • Angela Marinoni
  • Nikos Mihalopoulos
  • Marcel Moerman
  • José Nicolas
  • Colin O'Dowd
  • Tuukka Petäjä
  • Jean Eudes Petit
  • Jean Marc Pichon
  • Nina Prokopciuk
  • Jean Philippe Putaud
  • Sergio Rodríguez
  • Jean Sciare
  • Karine Sellegri
  • Gloria Titos
  • Thomas Tuch
  • Peter Tunved
  • Vidmantas Ulevicius
  • Aditya Vaishya
  • Milan Vana
  • Aki Virkkula
  • Stergios Vratolis
  • Ernest Weingartner
  • Alfred Wiedensohler
  • Paolo Laj
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • University of Granada
  • University of Helsinki
  • Paul Scherrer Institute
  • Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
  • National Centre for Scientific Research Demokritos
  • Norwegian Institute for Air Research
  • German Meteorological Service (DWD)
  • University Grenoble Alpes
  • University of Crete
  • National Observatory of Athens
  • Blaise Pascal University
  • National University of Ireland Galway
  • European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra
  • CSIC Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA)
  • Higher University of San Andrés
  • Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, BAS
  • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT)
  • Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology
  • Agence Nationale pour la gestion des Déchets RadioActifs
  • Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement
  • Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Lithuania
  • Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • University of Pannonia
  • Global Change Research Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences
  • Czech Hydrometeorological Institute
  • French National Institute for Industrial Environment and Risks
  • Agencia Estatal de Meteorologia
  • Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research
  • Stockholms universitet
  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
  • Finnish Meteorological Institute

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning
Sidor (från-till)7877-7911
Antal sidor35
TidskriftAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Utgåva nummer11
StatusPublished - 2018 jun 5
Peer review utfördJa