A functional prothrombin gene product is synthesized by human kidney cells

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gamma -carboxylated polypeptides were detected in the human kidney by immunohistochemistry with a monoclonal antibody (M3B) specific for gamma -carboxyglutamyl residues. An similar to 70-kDa gamma -carboxylated protein, subsequently identified as prothrombin, was isolated from the intracellular compartment of cultured human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells by immunoaffinity chromatography on M3B-coupled resin. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated that prothrombin and another vitamin K-dependent protein, the growth arrest-specific protein 6, were detectable in human kidney. As in the liver, the kidney synthesizes prothrombin as a zymogen that can be cleaved by ecarin to an amidolytically active serine protease that is inhibited by hirudin, This demonstrates for the first time the de novo synthesis of a full-length, gamma -carboxylated, and functional prothrombin gene product by human kidney cells.


  • Leisa Stenberg
  • Mark A. Brown
  • Elise Nilsson
  • Otto Ljungberg
  • Johan Stenflo
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Biologiska vetenskaper


Sidor (från-till)1036-1041
TidskriftBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Utgåva nummer4
StatusPublished - 2001
Peer review utfördJa