A heterogeneous landscape does not guarantee high crop pollination

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

The expansion of pollinator-dependent crops, especially in the developing world, together with reports of worldwide pollinator declines, raises concern of possible yield gaps. Farmers directly reliant on pollination services for food supply often live in regions where our knowledge of pollination services is poor. In a manipulative experiment replicated at 23 sites across an Ethiopian agricultural landscape, we found poor pollination services and severe pollen limitation in a common oil crop. With supplementary pollination, the yield increased on average by 91%. Despite the heterogeneous agricultural matrix, we found a low bee abundance, which may explain poor pollination services. The variation in pollen limitation was unrelated to surrounding forest cover, local bee richness and bee abundance. While practices that commonly increase pollinators (restricted pesticide use, flower strips) are an integral part of the landscape, these elements are apparently insufficient. Management to increase pollination services is therefore in need of urgent investigation.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Ulrika Samnegård
  • Peter A. Hambäck
  • Debissa Lemessa
  • Sileshi Nemomissa
  • Kristoffer Hylander
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Stockholms universitet
  • Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
  • Addis Ababa University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer20161472
TidskriftProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volym283
Utgivningsnummer1838
StatusPublished - 2016 sep 14
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa