A stroke gene panel for whole-exome sequencing

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Extensive analyses of known monogenic causes of stroke by whole-exome/genome sequencing are technically possible today. We here aimed to compile a comprehensive panel of genes associated with monogenic causes of stroke for use in clinical and research situations. We systematically searched the publically available database Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, and validated the entries against original peer-reviewed publications in PubMed. First, we selected known pathogenic or putatively pathogenic stroke genes reported in at least one person with stroke, and classified the stroke phenotype for each gene into eight subgroups: (1) large artery atherosclerotic, (2) large artery non-atherosclerotic (tortuosity, dolichoectasia, aneurysm, non-atherosclerotic dissection, occlusion), (3) cerebral small-vessel diseases, (4) cardioembolic (arrhythmia, heart defect, cardiomyopathy), (5) coagulation dysfunctions (venous thrombosis, arterial thrombosis, bleeding tendency), (6) intracerebral hemorrhage, (7) vascular malformations (cavernoma, arteriovenous malformations), and (8) metabolism disorders. Second, we selected other genes that may plausibly cause stroke through diseases related to stroke, but without any documented stroke patient description. A third section comprised SNPs associated with stroke in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We identified in total 214 genes: 120 associated with stroke, 62 associated with diseases that may cause stroke, and 32 stroke-related genes from recent GWAS. We describe these 214 genes and the clinical stroke subtype(s) associated with each of them. The resulting gene panel can be used to interpret exome sequencing results regarding monogenic stroke. Based on the panel’s clinical phenotype description, the pathogenicity of novel variants in these genes may be evaluated in specific situations.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Region Skåne
  • Karolinska University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Medicinsk genetik
  • Neurovetenskaper
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)317-324
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volym27
Utgivningsnummer2
Tidigt onlinedatum2018 okt 24
StatusPublished - 2019
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa