A survey of midwives' views on providing aspects of antenatal care in Estonia.
Forskningsoutput: Tidskriftsbidrag › Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
OBJECTIVE: to survey the views of midwives in Estonia about who they considered should have responsibility for carrying out certain aspects of antenatal care (ANC) in Estonia. DESIGN, SETTING AND STUDY POPULATION: in collaboration with key stakeholder organisations, the authors developed eight statements on aspects of ANC and five combinations of possible professionals (including midwives obstetrician-gynaecologists and various combinations of the two) who could have responsibility for carrying out those aspects of ANC and included them in a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent with a covering letter and stamped addressed return envelope to all 366 midwives in Estonia. Two postal reminders were sent to non-responders. RESULTS: the response rate was 73.5%. There was no consensus among respondents about whose responsibility it was to diagnose pregnancy, carry out the risk assessment of a pregnancy, or carry out fetal monitoring during pregnancy. There was consensus among respondents that either midwives or obstetrician-gynaecologists could have responsibility for referring for further tests and examinations if a pregnancy was thought to be at risk. There was also consensus that counselling, biometry and blood pressure monitoring should be the sole responsibility of midwives. KEY CONCLUSIONS: despite national policy to shift ANC towards being midwifery-led and despite provisions in a European Directive permitting most roles in ANC to be performed autonomously by trained midwives, there is no consensus among Estonian midwives that all aspects of ANC should be their responsibility at present. Thorough research is required to establish which specific ANC roles Estonian midwives are not willing to take responsibility for, and to examine why they are not willing to take on such roles.