Accelerated wound closure - Differently organized nanofibers affect cell migration and hence the closure of artificial wounds in a cell based in vitro model

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Accelerated wound closure - Differently organized nanofibers affect cell migration and hence the closure of artificial wounds in a cell based in vitro model. / Ottosson, Maximilian; Jakobsson, Albin; Johansson, Fredrik.

I: PLoS ONE, Vol. 12, Nr. 1, e0169419, 01.01.2017.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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T1 - Accelerated wound closure - Differently organized nanofibers affect cell migration and hence the closure of artificial wounds in a cell based in vitro model

AU - Ottosson, Maximilian

AU - Jakobsson, Albin

AU - Johansson, Fredrik

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Nanofiber meshes holds great promise in wound healing applications by mimicking the topography of extracellular matrix, hence providing guidance for crucial cells involved in the regenerative processes. Here we explored the influence of nanofiber alignment on fibroblast behavior in a novel in vitro wound model. The model included electrospun poly-å-caprolactone scaffolds with different nanofiber orientation. Fibroblasts were cultured to confluency for 24h before custom-made inserts were removed, creating cell-free zones serving as artificial wounds. Cell migration into these wounds was evaluated at 0-, 48- and 96h. Cell morphological analysis was performed using nuclei- and cytoskeleton stainings. Cell viability was assessed using a biochemical assay. This study demonstrates a novel in vitro wound assay, for exploring of the impact of nanofibers on wound healing. Additionally we show that it's possible to affect the process of wound closure in a spatial manner using nanotopographies, resulting in faster closure on aligned fiber substrates.

AB - Nanofiber meshes holds great promise in wound healing applications by mimicking the topography of extracellular matrix, hence providing guidance for crucial cells involved in the regenerative processes. Here we explored the influence of nanofiber alignment on fibroblast behavior in a novel in vitro wound model. The model included electrospun poly-å-caprolactone scaffolds with different nanofiber orientation. Fibroblasts were cultured to confluency for 24h before custom-made inserts were removed, creating cell-free zones serving as artificial wounds. Cell migration into these wounds was evaluated at 0-, 48- and 96h. Cell morphological analysis was performed using nuclei- and cytoskeleton stainings. Cell viability was assessed using a biochemical assay. This study demonstrates a novel in vitro wound assay, for exploring of the impact of nanofibers on wound healing. Additionally we show that it's possible to affect the process of wound closure in a spatial manner using nanotopographies, resulting in faster closure on aligned fiber substrates.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85009126859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0169419

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0169419

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 1

M1 - e0169419

ER -