Achieving the unimaginable: Health equity in haemophilia

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

Abstract

Historically, treatment based on the availability of clotting factor replacement has resulted in an arcane guideline for the correction of factor deficiencies in people with haemophilia (PwH). While all other disease entities seek to restore function to a normal level, PwH are restricted to factor nadirs still equivalent to mild or moderate disease, resulting in continued risk of bleeding. A new treatment paradigm is needed based on the defined needs of PwH. A treatment model was developed by a panel of haemophilia providers, patient advocates and health economists to establish specific treatment milestones and targeted outcomes. The panel defined a series of treatment milestones to characterize the activity and outcomes linked to level of factor deficiency correction. All agreed that the ultimate goal should be ‘functional cure’ and ‘health equity’. Seven levels to achieving a functional cure were identified, (a) Sustain life; (b) Minimal joint impairment; (c) Freedom from any spontaneous bleeds; (d) Attainment of ‘normal’ mobility; (e) Able to sustain minor trauma without additional intervention; (f) Ability to sustain major surgery or trauma; and (g) Normal haemostasis. A parallel set of patient-reported outcomes to achieve health equity was identified. These guidelines are now comparable with other disorders where the goal is to replace missing proteins to attain normal activity levels. As we are no longer limited by plasma supply due to the manufacture of recombinant factors, mimetics, and the early success of gene therapy, health equity is now achievable.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Mark W. Skinner
  • Diane Nugent
  • Pam Wilton
  • Brian O’Mahony
  • Gerry Dolan
  • Jamie O’Hara
  • Erik Berntorp
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • McMaster University
  • Children's Hospital of Orange County
  • Trinity College Dublin
  • Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
  • HCD Economics Ltd
  • Institute for Policy Advancement Ltd
  • University of California, Irvine
  • Canadian Hemophilia Society (CHS)
  • Irish Haemophilia Society
  • University of Chester
  • Skåne University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Hematologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftHaemophilia
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2019 nov 13
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa