Activation of endogenous retroviruses during brain development causes an inflammatory response

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) make up a large fraction of mammalian genomes and are thought to contribute to human disease, including brain disorders. In the brain, aberrant activation of ERVs is a potential trigger for an inflammatory response, but mechanistic insight into this phenomenon remains lacking. Using CRISPR/Cas9-based gene disruption of the epigenetic co-repressor protein Trim28, we found a dynamic H3K9me3-dependent regulation of ERVs in proliferating neural progenitor cells (NPCs), but not in adult neurons. In vivo deletion of Trim28 in cortical NPCs during mouse brain development resulted in viable offspring expressing high levels of ERVs in excitatory neurons in the adult brain. Neuronal ERV expression was linked to activated microglia and the presence of ERV-derived proteins in aggregate-like structures. This study demonstrates that brain development is a critical period for the silencing of ERVs and provides causal in vivo evidence demonstrating that transcriptional activation of ERV in neurons results in an inflammatory response.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Karolinska Institute
  • Uppsala universitet
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Neurovetenskaper
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)e106423
TidskriftEMBO Journal
Volym40
Utgåva nummer9
StatusPublished - 2021
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa