Adolescents’ Dissociative Experiences: the Moderating Role of Type of Trauma and Attachment Style

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Bibtex

@article{7f4f07846269438691e00750293adc41,
title = "Adolescents{\textquoteright} Dissociative Experiences: the Moderating Role of Type of Trauma and Attachment Style",
abstract = "This cross-sectional study evaluated the selfreportedattachment style of 239 Swedish adolescents (ages13 to 20) and investigated the relation between dissociation,attachment, and potentially traumatic events (PTEs). We hadhypothesized that specific PTEs, including family-relatedemotional and physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotionalabuse by non-relatives such as bullying, would interact withinsecure attachment styles leading to higher levels of dissociation.Results show that insecure attachment styles predicteddissociative experiences (DE) independently of PTE exposure.Dissociative experiences related more strongly to PTEexposure when the adolescent had an anxious attachmentstyle. Our results also suggest that higher rates of DE arerelated to an interaction between insecure attachment stylesand the experience of verbal harassment and bullying, mainlyby peers in school. We conclude that the relation betweentrauma and dissociation is complex, with both type of traumaand attachment style interacting with dissociative phenomena.",
keywords = "Trauma , Bullying, Dissociation, Emotional abuse, Attachment, Adolescence",
author = "Sabina Gusic and Etzel Carde{\~n}a and Hans Bengtsson and S{\o}ndergaard, {Hans Peter}",
year = "2016",
month = dec,
day = "10",
doi = "10.1007/s40653-016-0107-y",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "341--351",
journal = "Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma",
issn = "1936-1521",
publisher = "Springer",

}