Adolescents’ Dissociative Experiences: the Moderating Role of Type of Trauma and Attachment Style

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Adolescents’ Dissociative Experiences: the Moderating Role of Type of Trauma and Attachment Style. / Gusic, Sabina; Cardeña, Etzel; Bengtsson, Hans; Søndergaard, Hans Peter.

I: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, Vol. 9, 10.12.2016, s. 341-351.

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T1 - Adolescents’ Dissociative Experiences: the Moderating Role of Type of Trauma and Attachment Style

AU - Gusic, Sabina

AU - Cardeña, Etzel

AU - Bengtsson, Hans

AU - Søndergaard, Hans Peter

PY - 2016/12/10

Y1 - 2016/12/10

N2 - This cross-sectional study evaluated the selfreportedattachment style of 239 Swedish adolescents (ages13 to 20) and investigated the relation between dissociation,attachment, and potentially traumatic events (PTEs). We hadhypothesized that specific PTEs, including family-relatedemotional and physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotionalabuse by non-relatives such as bullying, would interact withinsecure attachment styles leading to higher levels of dissociation.Results show that insecure attachment styles predicteddissociative experiences (DE) independently of PTE exposure.Dissociative experiences related more strongly to PTEexposure when the adolescent had an anxious attachmentstyle. Our results also suggest that higher rates of DE arerelated to an interaction between insecure attachment stylesand the experience of verbal harassment and bullying, mainlyby peers in school. We conclude that the relation betweentrauma and dissociation is complex, with both type of traumaand attachment style interacting with dissociative phenomena.

AB - This cross-sectional study evaluated the selfreportedattachment style of 239 Swedish adolescents (ages13 to 20) and investigated the relation between dissociation,attachment, and potentially traumatic events (PTEs). We hadhypothesized that specific PTEs, including family-relatedemotional and physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotionalabuse by non-relatives such as bullying, would interact withinsecure attachment styles leading to higher levels of dissociation.Results show that insecure attachment styles predicteddissociative experiences (DE) independently of PTE exposure.Dissociative experiences related more strongly to PTEexposure when the adolescent had an anxious attachmentstyle. Our results also suggest that higher rates of DE arerelated to an interaction between insecure attachment stylesand the experience of verbal harassment and bullying, mainlyby peers in school. We conclude that the relation betweentrauma and dissociation is complex, with both type of traumaand attachment style interacting with dissociative phenomena.

KW - Trauma

KW - Bullying

KW - Dissociation

KW - Emotional abuse

KW - Attachment

KW - Adolescence

U2 - 10.1007/s40653-016-0107-y

DO - 10.1007/s40653-016-0107-y

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 341

EP - 351

JO - Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma

JF - Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma

SN - 1936-1521

ER -