Adopted children with cleft lip or palate, or both, require special needs cleft surgery.

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Abstract

In recent years adoption of children with cleft lip, with or without cleft palate (CLP), and other birth defects has become more common. The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristics and initial care and treatment of adopted children with CLP. A total of 25 children were referred to our department between 2008 and 2010, 7 (28%) of whom had bilateral CLP and 16 (64%) had unilateral CLP. Two children had atypical clefts. Twenty of the patients (80%) had been operated on with a lip plasty in China before adoption. Most patients (n = 14) was seen by the cleft team within two months of arrival, and 13 were operated on within a month of the first visit at our department. In total, 22 primary palatoplasties, 6 lip plasties, and 1 lip adhesion were done. There were 5 fistulas (14%) three months after the palatoplasty. On arrival, 11 (44%) of the children were carriers of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Adoption of children with CLP creates new challenges for the cleft teams, as we no longer have control over the overall treatment plan as regards preoperative and surgical treatment and timing of the operations. The patients are also often carriers of resistant bacteria, which create nursing challenges. In cases where the child is older than a year and has not been operated on, we advocate that the palatoplasty, or combined lip plasty and palatoplasty, is always given priority so that speech development is not compromised.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kirurgi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)75-79
TidskriftJournal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Volym46
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 2012
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa