Age-Related Changes in Immunological and Physiological Responses Following Pulmonary Challenge

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

Abstract

Abstract: This review examines the current status of knowledge of sepsis and pneumonia in the elderly population and how the dynamics of the pulmonary challenge affects outcome and consequences. Led by an unprecedented shift in demographics, where a larger proportion of the population will reach an older age, clinical and experimental research shows that aging is associated with certain pulmonary changes, but it is during infectious insult of the lungs, as in
the case of pneumonia, that the age-related differences in responsiveness and endurance become obvious and lead to a worse outcome than in the younger population. This review points to the neutrophil, and the endothelium as important players in understanding age-associated changes in responsiveness to infectious challenge of the lung. It also addresses how the immunological set-point influences injury-repair phases, remote organ damage and how intake of drugs may alter the state of responsiveness in the users. Further, it points out the importance of considering age as a factor in inclusion criteria in clinical trials, in vitro/ex vivo experimental designs and overall interpretation
of results.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Lungmedicin och allergi
  • Geriatrik
  • Fysiologi
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer1294
TidskriftInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volym18
Utgivningsnummer6
StatusPublished - 2017 jun 23
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa