Alterations in Lung Mast Cell Populations in Patients with COPD.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

RATIONALE: Mast cells have important roles in innate immunity and tissue remodeling but have remained poorly studied in inflammatory airway diseases like COPD. OBJECTIVES: To perform a detailed histological characterization of human lung mast cell popu-lations at different severities of COPD, comparing with smoking and never-smoking controls. METHODS: Mast cells were analyzed in lung tissues from patients with mild to very severe COPD, GOLD IâIV (n = 25, 10 of whom were treated with corticosteroids). Never-smokers and smokers served as controls. The density, morphology and molecular characteristics of mucosal and connective tissue mast cells (MCT and MCTC, respectively) were analyzed in several lung regions. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In all compartments of COPD lungs, especially at severe stages, the MCTC population increased in density while the MCT population decreased. The net result was a reduction in total mast cell density. This phenomenon was paralleled by in-creased numbers of luminal mast cells whereas the numbers of TUNEL(+) apoptotic mast cells remained unchanged. In COPD lungs, the MCT and MCTC populations showed alterations in morphology and expression of CD88 (C5a-R), TGF-beta, and renin. Statistically significant cor-relations were found between several COPD-related mast cell alterations and lung function parameters. CONCLUSIONS: As COPD progresses to its severe stages, the mast cell population in the lung undergoes changes in density, distribution, and molecular expression. In COPD lungs, these novel histopathological features were found to be correlated to lung function and they may thus have clinical consequences.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Lungmedicin och allergi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)206-217
TidskriftAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volym181
Utgåva nummer3
StatusPublished - 2010
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa