Amperometric Flow Injection Analysis of Glucose and Galactose Based on Engineered Pyranose 2-Oxidases and Osmium Polymers for Biosensor Applications

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In the present study, wild type and three mutants of pyranose 2-oxidase (PyOx-WT, PyOx-MT1, PyOx-MT2, PyOx-MT3), which showed improved properties for D-galactose oxidation, were investigated for their oxidising ability when immobilised on graphite electrodes. Four different flexible Os polymers with formal potentials ranging between −0.140 and 0.270 V vs. Ag|AgCl0.1 M KCl were applied together with the various forms of PyOx to wire graphite electrodes using polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether as crosslinking reagent. The pH profiles for the electrodes modified with wild type and all PyOx mutants in combination with the Os polymers were investigated with both glucose and galactose, respectively, since the PyOx variants showed an improved catalytic activity for galactose. All modified electrodes showed highest response in the pH range between 8.5–10 and KM, Imax values for both glucose and galactose were determined. To prove the catalytic activity, the biosensors were also characterized with cyclic voltammetry. A protein amount 0.26 U was found optimum for PyOx-WT, 0.36 U for PyOx-MT1, 0.41 U for PyOx-MT2 and 0.28 U for PyOx-MT3 and the analytical characterization of the enzyme electrodes was performed for glucose and galactose under optimized conditions.


  • Sevinc Kurbanoglu
  • Muhammed Nadeem Zafar
  • Federico Tasca
  • Iqra Aslam
  • Oliver Spadiut
  • Dónal Leech
  • Dietmar Haltrich
  • Lo Gorton
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Ankara University
  • National University of Ireland Galway
  • Lund University
  • University of Gujrat
  • University of Chile
  • Government College University Faisalabad
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Industriell bioteknik


Sidor (från-till)1496-1504
Antal sidor9
Utgåva nummer7
StatusPublished - 2018 jul 1
Peer review utfördJa