An amperometric biosensor based on laccase immobilized in polymer matrices for determining phenolic compounds

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An amperometric enzyme electrode based on laccase for determining phenolic compounds is proposed. The following three types of polymer materials were used for enzyme immobilization on the surface of a glassy-carbon electrode: positively charged cetyl ethyl poly (ethyleneimine) (CEPEI) and negatively charged commercial Nafion and Eastman AQ 29D polymers. The advantages and disadvantages of each of the above polymers for enzyme immobilization are discussed. The detection limits of the model phenolic compounds hydroquinone and pyrocatechol in a buffer solution on laccase immobilization in a Nation membrane were 3.5 x 10(-8) and 5.0 x 10(-8) M, respectively, at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. Electrodes with laccase immobilized in Nation and Eastman AQ 29D membranes exhibited the shortest response time. The operating stability and the stability in storage can be significantly improved by the additional incorporation of gelatin in the polymer matrices. Gelatin prevents enzyme inactivation as a result of enzyme modification by the free-radical oxidation products of phenolic compounds.


  • A I Yaropolov
  • Sergey Shleev
  • O V Morozova
  • E A Zaitseva
  • G Marko-Varga
  • Jenny Emnéus
  • Lo Gorton
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Analytisk kemi
Sidor (från-till)553-557
TidskriftJournal of Analytical Chemistry
Utgåva nummer6
StatusPublished - 2005
Peer review utfördJa


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