An analysis of gender differences in treatment and outcome of periampullary tumours in Sweden – A national cohort study

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Abstract

Background: Little is known of possible gender differences in treatment of periampullary tumours and outcome after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), and the aim of this study was therefore to investigate any variances from national multicentre perspective. Methods: Data from the Swedish National Registry for Pancreatic and Periampullary Cancer for all patients diagnosed with a periampullary tumour from 2012 throughout 2017 was collected. The material was analysed in two groups, men and women, for palliative treatment and curative intended resection. Results: A total of 5677 patients were included, 2906 (51%) men and 2771 (49%) women. Women were older than men, 72 (65–78) years vs. 70 (64–76), p < 0.001. A lesser proportion of women were planned for resection (1131 (41%) vs. 1288 (44%), p = 0.008), but after adjusting for age and tumour location no difference was seen. Postoperative morbidity was equal, but women had significantly better long-term survival than men. The survival was equal for palliative men and women. Conclusion: No gender bias could be established when analysing treatment for periampullary tumours in Sweden, even though less women were offered surgery. Data suggest that even though women were older they tolerate surgery well and hence offering PD at a higher age for women could be suggested.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftHPB
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 dec 15
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa