An exploration of opportunities for a theory of information inadequacy

Forskningsoutput: Kapitel i bok/rapport/Conference proceedingKonferenspaper i proceeding

Abstract

Our everyday experiences show that the lack of needed information in various human affairs may give rise to consequences that we would like to avoid – e.g. the 2004 Tsunami in Southeast Asia. However, we still do not have a coherent theoretical body that addresses such experiences of information inadequacy as this changes everything in respect to the current conception of the information society, where technology plays a central role. To this end, we provide an initial exploration of opportunities for such a theory: when needed information is not available in human affairs, for any reason. We start with diagnoses of five existing central theoretical bodies that constitute promising candidates to account for instances of information inadequacy. The results show though that these do not offer a comprehensive account for situations where needed information is missing. Secondly, an empirical investigation was conducted, utilizing grounded theory approach, where fifty cases of information inadequacy were analysed. This revealed a number of patterns of plausible causes of information inadequacies in human affairs, which offer a preliminary foundation for a future theory of information inadequacy. This result suggests that information inadequacies may be understood as various instances of information-lack and information-overflow. These two, in turn, include numerous factors that cause information inadequacies, ranging from political and cultural structures, through human individual capabilities, and ending with procedural set-ups and technological artefacts. We advocate that further research should be conducted to explore various instances of information inadequacy aimed to the formulation of a coherent theory.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Uppsala universitet, Historiska institutionen
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Titel på värdpublikationThis Changes Everything – ICT and Climate Change
Undertitel på gästpublikationWhat Can We Do? - 13th IFIP TC 9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC13 2018, Held at the 24th IFIP World Computer Congress, WCC 2018, Proceedings
RedaktörerKai Kimppa, Louise Leenen, Charles Ess, David Kreps
FörlagSpringer New York LLC
Sidor384-394
Antal sidor11
ISBN (tryckt)9783319996042
StatusPublished - 2018
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa
Evenemang13th IFIP TC 9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC 2018 Held at the 24th IFIP World Computer Congress, WCC 2018 - Poznan, Polen
Varaktighet: 2018 sep 192018 sep 21

Publikationsserier

NamnIFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology
Volym537
ISSN (tryckt)1868-4238

Konferens

Konferens13th IFIP TC 9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC 2018 Held at the 24th IFIP World Computer Congress, WCC 2018
LandPolen
OrtPoznan
Period2018/09/192018/09/21