Anaerobic digestion of lipid-rich waste - Effects of lipid concentration

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Abstract

The influence of lipid concentration on hydrolysis and biomethanation of a lipid-rich (triolein) model waste was evaluated in batch. The effect of increasing the concentration of lipid from 5% to 47% (w/w), based on chemical oxygen demand (COD), was investigated. The methane recovery observed was above 93% for all tests. An initial lag phase of approximately 6-10 days was observed for all tests. The methane production rate observed was similar for tests with 5%, 10% and 18% lipid (w/w, COD basis). For higher amounts of lipid (31%, 40% and 47%), a stronger inhibition was observed. However, the process was able to recover from the inhibition. When the effect of addition of lipase on enzymatic hydrolysis of lipids was studied, the results showed that the higher the enzyme concentration, the more accentuated was the inhibition of methane production. The enzyme appears to enhance the hydrolysis but the intermediates produced caused inhibition of the later steps in the,degradation process. Since the volatile fatty acid (VFA) profiles presented similar trends for the different concentrations of lipid tested, the major obstacle to methane production was the long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) formation. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Industriell bioteknik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)965-975
TidskriftRenewable Energy
Volym32
Utgåva nummer6
StatusPublished - 2007
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa