Anti-prothrombin antibodies are associated with thrombosis in children.
Forskningsoutput: Tidskriftsbidrag › Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
INTRODUCTION: This investigation aimed to evaluate thrombotic risk factors in children, with special reference to autoantibodies against prothrombin and protein S. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 57 consecutive Swedish children and adolescents referred with a radiologically confirmed acute thrombotic event. Clinical data were collected and a thrombophilia investigation was performed, including analysis of autoantibodies against protein S (anti-PS) and prothrombin (anti-PT). The anti-PS and anti-PT autoantibodies were also investigated in sera from 47 healthy controls. Detection of autoantibodies was performed by quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. RESULTS: Results for anti-PT antibodies were positive in 21% (12/57) of the patients and 2.1% (1/47) of the controls (OR 12.0, 95% CI 1.7-534; p=0.005). Seven percent (4/57) of the patients and 2.1% (1/47) of the controls were positive for anti-PS antibodies (OR 3.4, 95% CI 0.3-174; p>0.30). The FV G1691A mutation was found in 25% (14/57), and 44% (25/57) had 2 or more prothrombotic risk factors. Sixty percent (34/57) of the thrombosis patients were female. Peaks in frequency of thromboembolic events were found in the neonatal and the adolescent periods. Fifty-three percent (30/57) had thrombosis in the lower venous system. Associated clinical conditions occurred in 91% (52/57): systemic illness in 31% (18/57), infections in 26% (15/57), and oral contraceptive use in 25% (14/57). Four percent (2/57) had no apparent clinical or prothrombotic risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that anti-PT autoantibodies may be common risk factors for thrombosis in children, and it confirms the multifactorial nature of pediatric thrombosis.
|Enheter & grupper|
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Status||Published - 2010|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|