Antral G-cell in gastrin and gastrin-cholecystokinin knockout animals
Forskningsoutput: Tidskriftsbidrag › Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
The antral hormone gastrin is the key regulator of gastric acid secretion, mucosal growth and differentiation. Gastrin is synthesized in the endocrine G-cells in the antroduodenal mucosa. We have now examined the way in which the loss of gastrin alone or gastrin plus cholecystokinin (CCK) affects the antral G-cell. Immunohistochemistry, radioimmunoassay and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction techniques were employed to examine the expression of genes belonging to the G-cell secretory pathway in gastrin and gastrin-CCK knockout mice. Transmission electron microscopy was used to examine the ultrastructure of the G-cells. The number of G-cells increased but the secretory granules were few and abnormally small in the G-cells of both mouse models compared with wildtypes. Thus, gastrin is not necessary for the formation of G-cells as such but the lack of gastrin reduces the number and size of their secretory granules suggesting that gastrin is vital for the formation and/or maintenance of secretory granules in G-cells.
|Enheter & grupper|
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Tidskrift||Cell and Tissue Research|
|Status||Published - 2005|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|