Apoptosis-inducing factor mediates dopaminergic cell death in response to lps-induced inflammatory stimulus Evidence in Parkinson's disease patients.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


We show that intranigral lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection, which provokes specific degeneration of DA neurons, induced caspase-3 activation in the rat ventral mesencephalon, which was mostly associated with glial cells. In contrast, nigral DA neurons exhibited AIF nuclear translocation in response to LPS. A significant decrease of the Bcl-2/Bax ratio in nigral tissue after LPS injection was observed. We next developed an in vitro co-culture system with the microglial BV2 and the DA neuronal MN9D murine cell lines. The silencing of caspase-3 or AIF by small interfering RNAs exclusively in the DA MN9D cells demonstrated the key role of AIF in the LPS-induced death of DA cells. In vivo chemical inhibition of caspases and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1, an upstream regulator of AIF release and calpain, proved the central role of the AIF-dependent pathway in LPS-induced nigral DA cell death. We also observed nuclear translocation of AIF in the ventral mesencephalon of Parkinson's disease subjects.


  • Miguel Burguillos Garcia
  • N Hajji
  • E Englund
  • A Persson
  • Angela Cenci Nilsson
  • A Machado
  • J Cano
  • B Joseph
  • J L Venero
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Neurovetenskaper
Sidor (från-till)177-188
TidskriftNeurobiology of Disease
StatusPublished - 2011
Peer review utfördJa


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