Archaeological cereals as an isotope record of long-term soil health and anthropogenic amendment in southern Scandinavia

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Archaeological cereals as an isotope record of long-term soil health and anthropogenic amendment in southern Scandinavia. / Gron, Kurt J.; Larsson, Mikael; Gröcke, Darren R.; Andersen, Niels H.; Andreasen, Marianne H.; Bech, Jens Henrik; Henriksen, Peter Steen; Hilton, Robert G.; Jessen, Mads Dengsø; Møller, Niels A.; Nielsen, Finn Ole; Nielsen, Poul Otto; Pihl, Anders; Sørensen, Lasse; Westphal, Jørgen; Rowley-Conwy, Peter; Church, Mike J.

I: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 253, 106762, 2021.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

Gron, KJ, Larsson, M, Gröcke, DR, Andersen, NH, Andreasen, MH, Bech, JH, Henriksen, PS, Hilton, RG, Jessen, MD, Møller, NA, Nielsen, FO, Nielsen, PO, Pihl, A, Sørensen, L, Westphal, J, Rowley-Conwy, P & Church, MJ 2021, 'Archaeological cereals as an isotope record of long-term soil health and anthropogenic amendment in southern Scandinavia', Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 253, 106762. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106762

APA

Gron, K. J., Larsson, M., Gröcke, D. R., Andersen, N. H., Andreasen, M. H., Bech, J. H., Henriksen, P. S., Hilton, R. G., Jessen, M. D., Møller, N. A., Nielsen, F. O., Nielsen, P. O., Pihl, A., Sørensen, L., Westphal, J., Rowley-Conwy, P., & Church, M. J. (2021). Archaeological cereals as an isotope record of long-term soil health and anthropogenic amendment in southern Scandinavia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 253, [106762]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106762

CBE

Gron KJ, Larsson M, Gröcke DR, Andersen NH, Andreasen MH, Bech JH, Henriksen PS, Hilton RG, Jessen MD, Møller NA, Nielsen FO, Nielsen PO, Pihl A, Sørensen L, Westphal J, Rowley-Conwy P, Church MJ. 2021. Archaeological cereals as an isotope record of long-term soil health and anthropogenic amendment in southern Scandinavia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 253:Article 106762. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106762

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Gron, Kurt J. ; Larsson, Mikael ; Gröcke, Darren R. ; Andersen, Niels H. ; Andreasen, Marianne H. ; Bech, Jens Henrik ; Henriksen, Peter Steen ; Hilton, Robert G. ; Jessen, Mads Dengsø ; Møller, Niels A. ; Nielsen, Finn Ole ; Nielsen, Poul Otto ; Pihl, Anders ; Sørensen, Lasse ; Westphal, Jørgen ; Rowley-Conwy, Peter ; Church, Mike J. / Archaeological cereals as an isotope record of long-term soil health and anthropogenic amendment in southern Scandinavia. I: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2021 ; Vol. 253.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Archaeological cereals as an isotope record of long-term soil health and anthropogenic amendment in southern Scandinavia

AU - Gron, Kurt J.

AU - Larsson, Mikael

AU - Gröcke, Darren R.

AU - Andersen, Niels H.

AU - Andreasen, Marianne H.

AU - Bech, Jens Henrik

AU - Henriksen, Peter Steen

AU - Hilton, Robert G.

AU - Jessen, Mads Dengsø

AU - Møller, Niels A.

AU - Nielsen, Finn Ole

AU - Nielsen, Poul Otto

AU - Pihl, Anders

AU - Sørensen, Lasse

AU - Westphal, Jørgen

AU - Rowley-Conwy, Peter

AU - Church, Mike J.

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Maintaining soil health is integral to agricultural production, and the archaeological record contains multiple lines of palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental proxy evidence that can contribute to the understanding and analysis of long-term trajectories of change that are key for contextualizing 21st century global environmental challenges. Soil is a capital resource and its nutrient balance is modified by agricultural activities, making it necessary to ensure soil productivity is maintained and managed through human choices and actions. Since prehistory this has always been the case; soil is a non-renewable resource within a human lifetime. Here, we present and interpret carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis of charred cereals from southern Scandinavia. Anthropogenic effects on soils are evident from the initiation of farming 6000 years ago, as is amendment to counteract its effects. The earliest cereals were planted on pristine soils, and by the late Neolithic, agriculture extensified. By the Iron Age it was necessary to significantly amend depleted soils to maintain crop yields. We propose that these data provide a record of soil water retention, net precipitation and amendment. From the start of the Neolithic there is a concurrent decrease in both Δ13C and δ15N, mitigated only by the replacement of soil organic content in the form of manure in the Iron Age. The cereal isotopes provide a record of trajectories of agricultural sustainability and anthropogenic adaptation for nearly the entire history of farming in the region.

AB - Maintaining soil health is integral to agricultural production, and the archaeological record contains multiple lines of palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental proxy evidence that can contribute to the understanding and analysis of long-term trajectories of change that are key for contextualizing 21st century global environmental challenges. Soil is a capital resource and its nutrient balance is modified by agricultural activities, making it necessary to ensure soil productivity is maintained and managed through human choices and actions. Since prehistory this has always been the case; soil is a non-renewable resource within a human lifetime. Here, we present and interpret carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis of charred cereals from southern Scandinavia. Anthropogenic effects on soils are evident from the initiation of farming 6000 years ago, as is amendment to counteract its effects. The earliest cereals were planted on pristine soils, and by the late Neolithic, agriculture extensified. By the Iron Age it was necessary to significantly amend depleted soils to maintain crop yields. We propose that these data provide a record of soil water retention, net precipitation and amendment. From the start of the Neolithic there is a concurrent decrease in both Δ13C and δ15N, mitigated only by the replacement of soil organic content in the form of manure in the Iron Age. The cereal isotopes provide a record of trajectories of agricultural sustainability and anthropogenic adaptation for nearly the entire history of farming in the region.

KW - Agriculture

KW - Archaeology

KW - Cereal isotopes

KW - Soil health

KW - Sustainability

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106762

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106762

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85099244268

VL - 253

JO - Quaternary Science Reviews

JF - Quaternary Science Reviews

SN - 0277-3791

M1 - 106762

ER -