As far below as you can come? Living at the bottom of the social ladder

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


The Swedish well fare state is a young phenomenon. In the 19th and early 20th centuries there were numerous non proprietor, poor and pauper people in the Swedish countryside such as crofters, boarders and inhabitants of rural slums. Being poor also meant being more exposed to risks than more resourceful persons, and having fragile safety nets. This paper is about these poor and pauper persons of the recent past, investigated from an environmental justice perspective with focus on vulnerability and geographical and social marginalisation.
With a change in the heritage legislation, increased possibilities to archaeologically investigate the non proprietors of the recent past has emerged, however the archaeological material is still both scarce and of a repetitive character. Thus, multisource methods such as triangulation of written documents, historical maps and archaeological evidence is used to study life conditions, vulnerability and marginalisation of boarders and inhabitants in rural slums in a number of cases. We argue for the importance of archaeology in this context, as there often are arguments against the usefulness of archaeology in time period rich in written sources. In the investigated cases, archaeology helps providing a more complex picture of vulnerability and marginalisation of poor and paupers. Marginalisation could offer new possibilities to the poor and pauper, but also weaker security nets and increased vulnerability.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Arkeologern
  • Karlstad University

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Arkeologi


  • subalterns, archaeology, 19th centrury, Sweden, heritage
Bidragets titel på inmatningsspråkSå långt ner man kan komma? Att leva på botten av den sociala stegen
TidskriftPost-Medieval Archaeology
StatusSubmitted - 2019
Peer review utfördJa

Related projects

Martin Hansson, Eva Svensson & Pia Nilsson


Projekt: ForskningNationellt samarbete, Tvärvetenskaplig forskning

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