Assessing educational priorities in genetics for general practitioners and specialists in five countries: factor structure of the Genetic-Educational Priorities (Gen-EP) scale

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Abstract

Purpose: A scale assessing primary care physicians' priorities for genetic education (The Gen-EP scale) was developed and tested in five European countries. The objective of this study was to determine its factor structure, to test scaling assumptions and to determine internal consistency. Methods: The sample consisted of 3686 practitioners (general practitioners, gyneco-obstetricians, pediatricians) sampled in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and United Kingdom. We first determined the factor structure of the Gen-EP scale (30 items) on the whole sample. Scaling assumptions were then tested on each country using multitrait scaling analysis. Internal consistency was assessed across the five countries. Results: Six factors were identified accounting for 63.3% of the variance of the items. They represented the following priorities for genetic education: "Genetics of Common Diseases"; "Ethical, Legal, and Public Health Issues"; "Approaching Genetic Risk Assessment in Clinical Practice"; "Basic Genetics and Congenital Malformations"; "Techniques and Innovation in Genetics" and "Psychosocial and Counseling Issues." In each country, convergent and discriminant validity were satisfactory. Internal-consistency reliability coefficients (Cronbach's alpha) were all above the acceptable threshold (0.70). Conclusion: The Gen-EP scale could be a helpful instrument in different countries to organize and evaluate the impact of genetic educational programs for primary care providers.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Jean-Marc Calefato
  • Irma Nippert
  • Hilary J. Harris
  • Ulf Kristoffersson
  • Jorg Schmidtke
  • Leo P. Ten Kate
  • Elizabeth Anionwu
  • Caroline Benjamin
  • Kirsty Challen
  • Anne-Marie Plass
  • Rodney Harris
  • Claire Julian-Reynier
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Medicinsk genetik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)99-106
TidskriftGenetics in Medicine
Volym10
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 2008
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa