Assessing sources of uncertainty in formaldehyde air mass factors over tropical South America: Implications for top-down isoprene emission estimates

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Assessing sources of uncertainty in formaldehyde air mass factors over tropical South America: Implications for top-down isoprene emission estimates. / Barkley, Michael P.; Kurosu, Thomas P.; Chance, Kelly; De Smedt, Isabelle; Van Roozendael, Michel; Arneth, Almut; Hagberg, Daniel; Guenther, Alex.

I: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 117, 2012, s. D13304.

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Barkley, Michael P. ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Chance, Kelly ; De Smedt, Isabelle ; Van Roozendael, Michel ; Arneth, Almut ; Hagberg, Daniel ; Guenther, Alex. / Assessing sources of uncertainty in formaldehyde air mass factors over tropical South America: Implications for top-down isoprene emission estimates. I: Journal of Geophysical Research. 2012 ; Vol. 117. s. D13304.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing sources of uncertainty in formaldehyde air mass factors over tropical South America: Implications for top-down isoprene emission estimates

AU - Barkley, Michael P.

AU - Kurosu, Thomas P.

AU - Chance, Kelly

AU - De Smedt, Isabelle

AU - Van Roozendael, Michel

AU - Arneth, Almut

AU - Hagberg, Daniel

AU - Guenther, Alex

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - We use a nested-grid version of the GEOS-Chem chemistry transport model, constrained by isoprene emissions from the Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature (MEGAN), and the Lund-Potsdam-Jena General Ecosystem Simulator (LPJ-GUESS) bottom-up inventories, to evaluate the impact that surface isoprene emissions have on formaldehyde (HCHO) air-mass factors (AMFs) and vertical column densities (VCDs) over tropical South America during 2006, as observed by the Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) and Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). Although the large-scale seasonal variability of monthly mean HCHO VCDs is typically unaffected by the choice of bottom-up inventory, large relative differences of up to +/- 45% in the HCHO VCD can occur for individual regions and months, but typically most VCD differences are of order +/- 20%. These relative changes are comparable to those produced by other sources of uncertainty in the AMF including aerosols and surface albedo, but less than those from clouds. In a sensitivity test, we find that top-down annual isoprene emissions inferred from SCIAMACHY and OMI HCHO vertical columns can vary by as much as +/- 30-50% for each instrument respectively, depending on the region studied and the a priori isoprene emissions used. Our analysis suggests that the influence of the a priori isoprene emissions on HCHO AMFs and VCDs is therefore non-negligible and must be carefully considered when inferring top-down isoprene emissions estimates over this, or potentially any other, region.

AB - We use a nested-grid version of the GEOS-Chem chemistry transport model, constrained by isoprene emissions from the Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature (MEGAN), and the Lund-Potsdam-Jena General Ecosystem Simulator (LPJ-GUESS) bottom-up inventories, to evaluate the impact that surface isoprene emissions have on formaldehyde (HCHO) air-mass factors (AMFs) and vertical column densities (VCDs) over tropical South America during 2006, as observed by the Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) and Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). Although the large-scale seasonal variability of monthly mean HCHO VCDs is typically unaffected by the choice of bottom-up inventory, large relative differences of up to +/- 45% in the HCHO VCD can occur for individual regions and months, but typically most VCD differences are of order +/- 20%. These relative changes are comparable to those produced by other sources of uncertainty in the AMF including aerosols and surface albedo, but less than those from clouds. In a sensitivity test, we find that top-down annual isoprene emissions inferred from SCIAMACHY and OMI HCHO vertical columns can vary by as much as +/- 30-50% for each instrument respectively, depending on the region studied and the a priori isoprene emissions used. Our analysis suggests that the influence of the a priori isoprene emissions on HCHO AMFs and VCDs is therefore non-negligible and must be carefully considered when inferring top-down isoprene emissions estimates over this, or potentially any other, region.

U2 - 10.1029/2011JD016827

DO - 10.1029/2011JD016827

M3 - Article

VL - 117

SP - D13304

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research

SN - 2156-2202

ER -