Assessing the effect of d-xylose on the sugar signaling pathways of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in strains engineered for xylose transport and assimilation

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Abstract

One of the challenges of establishing an industrially competitive process to ferment lignocellulose to value-added products using Saccharomyces cerevisiae is to get efficient mixed sugar fermentations. Despite successful metabolic engineering strategies, the xylose assimilation rates of recombinant S. cerevisiae remain significantly lower than for the preferred carbon source, glucose. Previously, we established a panel of in vivo biosensor strains (TMB371X) where different promoters (HXT1/2/4p; SUC2p, CAT8p; TPS1p/2p, TEF4p) from the main sugar signaling pathways were coupled with the yEGFP3 gene, and observed that wild-type S. cerevisiae cannot sense extracellular xylose. Here, we expand upon these strains by adding a mutated galactose transporter (GAL2-N376F) with improved xylose affinity (TMB372X), and both the transporter and an oxidoreductase xylose pathway (TMB375X). On xylose, the TMB372X strains displayed population heterogeneities, which disappeared when carbon starvation was relieved by the addition of the xylose assimilation pathway (TMB375X). Furthermore, the signal in the TMB375X strains on high xylose (50 g/L) was very similar to the signal recorded on low glucose (≤5 g/L). This suggests that intracellular xylose triggers a similar signal to carbon limitation in cells that are actively metabolizing xylose, in turn causing the low assimilation rates.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Livsmedelsteknik

Nyckelord

  • GFP biosensor, SNF1/Mig1p, saccharomyces cerevisiae, Snf3p/Rgt2p, XR/XDH, cAMP/PKA, flow cytometery, sugar sensing/signalling, xylose
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftFEMS Yeast Research
Volym18
Utgivningsnummer1
StatusPublished - 2018 feb 1
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa