Assessing the Effects of Climate Change and Air Pollution on Soil Properties and Plant Diversity in Northeastern U.S. Hardwood Forests: Model Setup and Evaluation

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Assessing the Effects of Climate Change and Air Pollution on Soil Properties and Plant Diversity in Northeastern U.S. Hardwood Forests : Model Setup and Evaluation. / Belyazid, Salim; Phelan, Jennifer; Nihlgård, Bengt; Sverdrup, Harald; Driscoll, Charles; Fernandez, Ivan; Aherne, Julian; Teeling-Adams, Leslie M.; Bailey, Scott; Arsenault, Matt; Cleavitt, Natalie; Engstrom, Brett; Dennis, Robin; Sperduto, Dan; Werier, David; Clark, Christopher.

I: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 230, Nr. 5, 106, 2019.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

Belyazid, S, Phelan, J, Nihlgård, B, Sverdrup, H, Driscoll, C, Fernandez, I, Aherne, J, Teeling-Adams, LM, Bailey, S, Arsenault, M, Cleavitt, N, Engstrom, B, Dennis, R, Sperduto, D, Werier, D & Clark, C 2019, 'Assessing the Effects of Climate Change and Air Pollution on Soil Properties and Plant Diversity in Northeastern U.S. Hardwood Forests: Model Setup and Evaluation', Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol. 230, nr. 5, 106. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-019-4145-6

APA

CBE

Belyazid S, Phelan J, Nihlgård B, Sverdrup H, Driscoll C, Fernandez I, Aherne J, Teeling-Adams LM, Bailey S, Arsenault M, Cleavitt N, Engstrom B, Dennis R, Sperduto D, Werier D, Clark C. 2019. Assessing the Effects of Climate Change and Air Pollution on Soil Properties and Plant Diversity in Northeastern U.S. Hardwood Forests: Model Setup and Evaluation. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 230(5). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-019-4145-6

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Author

Belyazid, Salim ; Phelan, Jennifer ; Nihlgård, Bengt ; Sverdrup, Harald ; Driscoll, Charles ; Fernandez, Ivan ; Aherne, Julian ; Teeling-Adams, Leslie M. ; Bailey, Scott ; Arsenault, Matt ; Cleavitt, Natalie ; Engstrom, Brett ; Dennis, Robin ; Sperduto, Dan ; Werier, David ; Clark, Christopher. / Assessing the Effects of Climate Change and Air Pollution on Soil Properties and Plant Diversity in Northeastern U.S. Hardwood Forests : Model Setup and Evaluation. I: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 2019 ; Vol. 230, Nr. 5.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing the Effects of Climate Change and Air Pollution on Soil Properties and Plant Diversity in Northeastern U.S. Hardwood Forests

T2 - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

AU - Belyazid, Salim

AU - Phelan, Jennifer

AU - Nihlgård, Bengt

AU - Sverdrup, Harald

AU - Driscoll, Charles

AU - Fernandez, Ivan

AU - Aherne, Julian

AU - Teeling-Adams, Leslie M.

AU - Bailey, Scott

AU - Arsenault, Matt

AU - Cleavitt, Natalie

AU - Engstrom, Brett

AU - Dennis, Robin

AU - Sperduto, Dan

AU - Werier, David

AU - Clark, Christopher

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The integrated forest ecosystem model ForSAFE-Veg was used to simulate soil processes and understory vegetation composition at three—sugar maple, beech, yellow birch—hardwood forest sites in the Northeastern United States (one at Hubbard Brook, NH, and two at Bear Brook, ME). Input data were pooled from a variety of sources and proved coherent and consistent. While the biogeochemical component ForSAFE was used with limited calibration, the ground vegetation composition module Veg was calibrated to field relevés. Evaluating different simulated ecosystem indicators (soil solution chemistry, tree biomass, ground vegetation composition) showed that the model performed comparably well regardless of the site’s soil condition, climate, and amounts of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) deposition, with the exception of failing to capture tree biomass decline at Hubbard Brook. The model performed better when compared with annual observation than monthly data. The results support the assumption that the biogeochemical model ForSAFE can be used with limited calibration and provide reasonable confidence, while the vegetation community composition module Veg requires calibration if the individual plant species are of interest. The study welcomes recent advances in empirically explaining the responses of hardwood forests to nutrient imbalances and points to the need for more research.

AB - The integrated forest ecosystem model ForSAFE-Veg was used to simulate soil processes and understory vegetation composition at three—sugar maple, beech, yellow birch—hardwood forest sites in the Northeastern United States (one at Hubbard Brook, NH, and two at Bear Brook, ME). Input data were pooled from a variety of sources and proved coherent and consistent. While the biogeochemical component ForSAFE was used with limited calibration, the ground vegetation composition module Veg was calibrated to field relevés. Evaluating different simulated ecosystem indicators (soil solution chemistry, tree biomass, ground vegetation composition) showed that the model performed comparably well regardless of the site’s soil condition, climate, and amounts of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) deposition, with the exception of failing to capture tree biomass decline at Hubbard Brook. The model performed better when compared with annual observation than monthly data. The results support the assumption that the biogeochemical model ForSAFE can be used with limited calibration and provide reasonable confidence, while the vegetation community composition module Veg requires calibration if the individual plant species are of interest. The study welcomes recent advances in empirically explaining the responses of hardwood forests to nutrient imbalances and points to the need for more research.

KW - Bear Brook

KW - Ecosystem modeling

KW - ForSAFE-Veg

KW - Hubbard Brook

KW - Plant biodiversity

KW - Vegetation modeling

U2 - 10.1007/s11270-019-4145-6

DO - 10.1007/s11270-019-4145-6

M3 - Article

VL - 230

JO - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

JF - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

SN - 1573-2932

IS - 5

M1 - 106

ER -