Assessment of dosimetric impact of system specific geometric distortion in an MRI only based radiotherapy workflow for prostate

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title = "Assessment of dosimetric impact of system specific geometric distortion in an MRI only based radiotherapy workflow for prostate",
abstract = "Dosimetric errors in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) only radiotherapy workflow may be caused by system specific geometric distortion from MRI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact on planned dose distribution and delineated structures for prostate patients, originating from this distortion. A method was developed, in which computer tomography (CT) images were distorted using the MRI distortion field. The displacement map for an optimized MRI treatment planning sequence was measured using a dedicated phantom in a 3 T MRI system. To simulate the distortion aspects of a synthetic CT (electron density derived from MR images), the displacement map was applied to CT images, referred to as distorted CT images. A volumetric modulated arc prostate treatment plan was applied to the original CT and the distorted CT, creating a reference and a distorted CT dose distribution. By applying the inverse of the displacement map to the distorted CT dose distribution, a dose distribution in the same geometry as the original CT images was created. For 10 prostate cancer patients, the dose difference between the reference dose distribution and inverse distorted CT dose distribution was analyzed in isodose level bins. The mean magnitude of the geometric distortion was 1.97 mm for the radial distance of 200-250 mm from isocenter. The mean percentage dose differences for all isodose level bins, were  ⩽0.02% and the radiotherapy structure mean volume deviations were  <0.2%. The method developed can quantify the dosimetric effects of MRI system specific distortion in a prostate MRI only radiotherapy workflow, separated from dosimetric effects originating from synthetic CT generation. No clinically relevant dose difference or structure deformation was found when 3D distortion correction and high acquisition bandwidth was used. The method could be used for any MRI sequence together with any anatomy of interest.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "C Gustafsson and F Nordstr{\"o}m and E Persson and J Brynolfsson and Olsson, {L E}",
year = "2017",
month = apr,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1088/1361-6560/aa5fa2",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "2976--2989",
journal = "Physics in Medicine and Biology",
issn = "1361-6560",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "8",