Axonal growth in mesothelial chambers. The role of the distal nerve segment

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An experimental model is presented for studying nerve regeneration over gaps of various lengths between the both ends of a severed nerve. After transferring left and right sciatic nerves of rat to the back, the gap between the two nerve ends could be bridged by a preformed, tube-shaped mesothelial chamber of a desired length. When the gap length was 10 mm or less, a well developed nerve structure was generated in the chamber between the nerve ends, and axons from the left sciatic nerve reinnervated muscles in the right limb via the right sciatic nerve. When the gap length was extended to 15 mm or more no such regeneration occurred. When no distal nerve end was introduced into the chamber, there was a limited growth into this chamber over only 5-6 mm. This "limited growth phenomenon" is discussed with respect to a lack of "trophic" or cellular support from a distal nerve segment. It is also proposed that the termination of growth, seen under these circumstances, may suggest a new principle for avoiding the development of neuromas after nerve transections.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Neurologi
  • Ortopedi


Sidor (från-till)119-25
TidskriftScandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 1983
Peer review utfördJa