Bibliographic analysis of the recent advancements in modeling and co-simulating the fifth-generation district heating and cooling systems

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T1 - Bibliographic analysis of the recent advancements in modeling and co-simulating the fifth-generation district heating and cooling systems

AU - Abugabbara, Marwan

AU - Javed, Saqib

AU - Bagge, Hans

AU - Johansson, Dennis

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - District heating and cooling systems have evolved through several development stages in order to improve their energy efficiency. The latest development reached the fifth generation where customers can be producers and/or consumers of thermal energy flows towards the network. The variety and complexity of system configurations and interactions between connected customers poses a challenge in adopting a suitable modeling paradigm capable of simulating each design case. Modelica language and the Functional Mock-up Interface standard are computational tools opted by the International Energy Agency for simulating building and community energy systems. This work aims to analyze the current status in literature where these tools are utilized in building and energy simulation with focus on district heating and cooling systems. Bibliographic maps and networks are presented to analyze the literature based on different bibliometrics. Among others, the analysis shows that coupled simulation between district and building energy models is a novel research area and can benefit in reducing the oversizing of space heating and cooling systems. In addition, the analysis demonstrates that the fifth generation district heating and cooling systems require advanced control strategies. These strategies need accurate and upfront specifications to decide a proper control strategy for each design case.

AB - District heating and cooling systems have evolved through several development stages in order to improve their energy efficiency. The latest development reached the fifth generation where customers can be producers and/or consumers of thermal energy flows towards the network. The variety and complexity of system configurations and interactions between connected customers poses a challenge in adopting a suitable modeling paradigm capable of simulating each design case. Modelica language and the Functional Mock-up Interface standard are computational tools opted by the International Energy Agency for simulating building and community energy systems. This work aims to analyze the current status in literature where these tools are utilized in building and energy simulation with focus on district heating and cooling systems. Bibliographic maps and networks are presented to analyze the literature based on different bibliometrics. Among others, the analysis shows that coupled simulation between district and building energy models is a novel research area and can benefit in reducing the oversizing of space heating and cooling systems. In addition, the analysis demonstrates that the fifth generation district heating and cooling systems require advanced control strategies. These strategies need accurate and upfront specifications to decide a proper control strategy for each design case.

KW - Building energy

KW - Decentralized substation

KW - District energy systems

KW - Equation-based modeling

KW - Functional mock-up interface

KW - Heat pump

U2 - 10.1016/j.enbuild.2020.110260

DO - 10.1016/j.enbuild.2020.110260

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85088151070

VL - 224

JO - Energy and Buildings

JF - Energy and Buildings

SN - 0378-7788

M1 - 110260

ER -