Biochar production and application in small-scale farming in Kenya: Yield increases and local perceptions

Forskningsoutput: KonferensbidragKonferensabstract

Abstract

Degradation of agricultural soils and forest resources are two pervasive challenges in rural landscapes of sub-Saharan Africa. Biochar-producing biomass gasification technologies attract evermore interest because these can empower small-scale farmers to produce energy and food more sustainably by
improving energy use efficiencies, lowering emissions and strengthening climate resilience. In order to assess the potential impacts and the feasibility of soil biochar amendments we are carrying out on-farm trials with 150 households in three agroecosystems in Kenya. A participatory approach was followed for testing uptake of gasifier cook stoves and effects of biochar use on crop production. The outcomes that will be presented include: (a) the degree of feasibility, (b) the effects on crop yields, (c) the general attitudes towards the idea of using the cookstoves to produce biochar, and (d) patterns of biomass fuel use. Effects of domestically produced biochar, at rates of 1-10 t DW ha-1, on the production of maize (Zea mays) and kale (Brassica oleracea) were compared with normal farming practices. At the site located in Kwale the yield increases of maize showed a strong positive correlation with biochar dose. In the first season, yields increased from 0.9 Mg ha-1 in the control plot to 4.4
Mg ha-1 in average in the biochar-amended plots. At another site (Siaya), an average biochar dose of 2.8 Mg ha-1 lead to an increase in maize yields from 2.9 to 3.8 Mg ha-1 in average in the first season and from 1.7 to 2.5 Mg ha-1 in the second season after biochar addition. Findings from this action research indicate that producing and using biochar on small-scale farms offers suitable opportunities to close yield gaps across Kenya and in similar agro-ecological environments.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Yahia Mahmoud
  • James K Gitau
  • Erik Karltun
  • Thomas Kätterer
  • Geoffrey Kimutai
  • Mary Njenga
  • Gert Nyberg
  • Kristina Roing de Nowina
  • Dries Roobroek
  • Cecilia Sundberg
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • University of Nairobi
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • World Agroforestry Centre
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Tvärvetenskapliga studier

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
StatusPublished - 2019 sep 25
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa
EvenemangAgricultural Research for Development Conference 2019: Zero hunger by 2030, our shared challenge! - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sverige
Varaktighet: 2019 sep 252019 sep 26
https://www.siani.se/sv/event/agri4d2019/

Konferens

KonferensAgricultural Research for Development Conference 2019
Förkortad titelAGRI4D 2019
LandSverige
OrtUppsala
Period2019/09/252019/09/26
Internetadress