Bowel symptoms in children with anorectal malformation: A follow-up with a gender and age perspective.

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Abstract

Abstract
Background
Gender specific outcome for children with anorectal malformations (ARM) is rarely reported although it is important for medical care and in parent counseling.

Purpose
To assess bowel function according to the Krickenbeck system in relation to ARM-subtype, gender and age.

Method
All children born with ARM in 1998–2008 and referred to two centers in two different countries were followed up. The bowel function in 50 girls and 71 boys, median age 8years, was analyzed.

Results
Among those with a perineal fistula, incontinence occurred in 42% of the females and in 10% of the males (p=0.005) whereas constipation occurred in 62% of the females and 35% of the males (p<0.001). No bowel symptoms differed between the females with perineal and vestibular fistulas (p>0.3 for every symptom). Sacral malformations were associated with incontinence only in males with rectourethral fistulas. Constipation among the males differed between the age groups: 58% versus 26% (p=0.013). Bowel symptoms did not change with age among the females.

Conclusion
Gender differences in outcome for children with ARM must be considered. Males with perineal fistulas had less incontinence and constipation than the females with perineal fistulas. The females with perineal and vestibular fistulas had similar outcomes.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Pediatrik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1122-1130
TidskriftJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volym49
Utgivningsnummer7
StatusPublished - 2014
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Nedladdningar

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