BPI-ANCA is expressed in the airways of cystic fibrosis patients and correlates to platelet numbers and Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization

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Abstract

Background: Autoantibodies to bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), BPI-ANCA, are often present in serum of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and correlate to airway colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The aim of the study was to investigate if BPI-ANCA IgA is also present in the airways of CF patients, and if its presence correlates with neutrophil counts, platelets, and P. aeruginosa DNA in sputum. Methods: BPI-ANCA IgA was quantified in serum and sputum samples from adult CF patients (n = 45) by ELISA. Sputum neutrophil counts, platelets, and platelet-neutrophil complexes were assessed by flow cytometry, and P. aeruginosa DNA was analysed with RT-PCR. Results: Serum BPI-ANCA IgA was present in 44% of the study participants, and this group also had significantly enhanced BPI-ANCA levels in sputum compared to serum negative patients. Sputum levels of BPI-ANCA IgA correlated with P. aeruginosa DNA (r = 0.63, p = 0.0003) and platelet counts in sputum (r = 0.60, p = 0.0002). Conclusions: BPI-ANCA is expressed in the airways of CF patients and correlates with P. aeruginosa load and platelet counts, suggesting a link to airway inflammation and mucosal immunity.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Lungmedicin och allergi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer105994
TidskriftRespiratory Medicine
Volym170
StatusPublished - 2020
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa