Calibration of the carbon isotope composition (δ13C) of benthic foraminifera

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


The carbon isotope composition (δ13C) of seawater provides valuable insight on ocean circulation, air-sea exchange, the biological pump, and the global carbon cycle and is reflected by the δ13C of foraminifera tests. Here more than 1700 δ13C observations of the benthic foraminifera genus Cibicides from late Holocene sediments (δ13CCibnat) are compiled and compared with newly updated estimates of the natural (preindustrial) water column δ13C of dissolved inorganic carbon (δ13CDICnat) as part of the international Ocean Circulation and Carbon Cycling (OC3) project. Using selection criteria based on the spatial distance between samples, we find high correlation between δ13CCibnat and δ13CDICnat, confirming earlier work. Regression analyses indicate significant carbonate ion (-2.6 ± 0.4) × 10-3‰/(μmol kg-1) [CO3 2-] and pressure (-4.9 ± 1.7) × 10-3‰ m-1 (depth) effects, which we use to propose a new global calibration for predicting δ13CDICnat from δ13CCibnat. This calibration is shown to remove some systematic regional biases and decrease errors compared with the one-to-one relationship (δ13CDICnat = δ13CCibnat). However, these effects and the error reductions are relatively small, which suggests that most conclusions from previous studies using a one-to-one relationship remain robust. The remaining standard error of the regression is generally σ ≅ 0.25‰, with larger values found in the southeast Atlantic and Antarctic (σ ≅ 0.4‰) and for species other than Cibicides wuellerstorfi. Discussion of species effects and possible sources of the remaining errors may aid future attempts to improve the use of the benthic δ13C record.


  • Andreas Schmittner
  • Helen C. Bostock
  • Olivier Cartapanis
  • William B. Curry
  • Eric D. Galbraith
  • Julia Gottschalk
  • Juan Carlos Herguera
  • Babette Hoogakker
  • Samuel L. Jaccard
  • Lorraine E. Lisiecki
  • David C. Lund
  • Gema Martínez-Méndez
  • Jean Lynch-Stieglitz
  • Andreas Mackensen
  • Elisabeth Michel
  • Alan C. Mix
  • Delia W. Oppo
  • Carlye D. Peterson
  • Janne Repschläger
  • Elisabeth L. Sikes
  • Howard J. Spero
  • Claire Waelbroeck
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Oregon State University
  • National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, New Zealand
  • Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • University of Bern
  • University of California, Santa Barbara
  • University of Bremen
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • University of California, Davis
  • Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
  • McGill University
  • Autonomous University of Barcelona
  • Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education at Ensenada
  • Heriot-Watt University
  • University of Connecticut
  • Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
  • Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement
  • Rutgers University: The State University of New Jersey

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Geologi
  • Klimatforskning


Sidor (från-till)512-530
Utgåva nummer6
Tidigt onlinedatum2017 jun 3
StatusPublished - 2017 jun
Peer review utfördJa