Captured metagenomics: large-scale targeting of genes based on 'sequence capture' reveals functional diversity in soils.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Microbial enzyme diversity is a key to understand many ecosystem processes. Whole metagenome sequencing (WMG) obtains information on functional genes, but it is costly and inefficient due to large amount of sequencing that is required. In this study, we have applied a captured metagenomics technique for functional genes in soil microorganisms, as an alternative to WMG. Large-scale targeting of functional genes, coding for enzymes related to organic matter degradation, was applied to two agricultural soil communities through captured metagenomics. Captured metagenomics uses custom-designed, hybridization-based oligonucleotide probes that enrich functional genes of interest in metagenomic libraries where only probe-bound DNA fragments are sequenced. The captured metagenomes were highly enriched with targeted genes while maintaining their target diversity and their taxonomic distribution correlated well with the traditional ribosomal sequencing. The captured metagenomes were highly enriched with genes related to organic matter degradation; at least five times more than similar, publicly available soil WMG projects. This target enrichment technique also preserves the functional representation of the soils, thereby facilitating comparative metagenomics projects. Here, we present the first study that applies the captured metagenomics approach in large scale, and this novel method allows deep investigations of central ecosystem processes by studying functional gene abundances.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Bioinformatik och systembiologi
  • Genetik
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)451-460
TidskriftDNA Research
Volym22
Utgivningsnummer6
StatusPublished - 2015
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa