Changes in phenolic antioxidants during chuno production (traditional Andean freeze and sun-dried potato)

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Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total phenolic compounds (TPH), total flavonoids (TF) and the amounts of individual phenolic compounds were assessed in Bolivian potato cultivars (various Solanum species) before, during and after the traditional freezing and sun-drying of potatoes known as chunos. The TAC of chunos ranged from 0.4 to 2.7 mu mol Trolox equivalents/g dry matter using 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) and from 0.7 to 3.0 according to the ferric reduction antioxidant power (FRAP). The values of TAC obtained using FRAP were about 70% lower after freeze-drying while they remained essentially constant when measured using ABTS. High-performance liquid chromatography showed the presence of epicatechin, chlorogenic acid, gallic acid, syringaldehyde and protocatechuic acid in both potato and chuno samples although the values were lower in the churl samples. The results suggest that the antioxidant capacity and the content of individual phenolics are somewhat decreased but far from eliminated during the process. Chuno can therefore still be considered an important source of antioxidants in the diet. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Livsmedelsteknik
  • Biokemi och molekylärbiologi


Sidor (från-till)580-587
TidskriftJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Utgåva nummer4-5
StatusPublished - 2011
Peer review utfördJa