Chemical characterization of the predominant proteins secreted by mouse seminal vesicles
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Mouse seminal vesicles secrete four major protein components with estimated molecular masses of 95, 38, 17, and 16 kDa. Amino acid sequencing revealed that the 95-kDa component represents a protein with an unknown structure, while the 38-kDa component was identified as semenoclotin, the 17-kDa component as seminal-vesicle-secreted protein IV, and the 16-kDa component as seminal-vesicle-secreted protein V. Semenoclotin and the 95-kDa component were readily cross-linked by transglutaminase, suggesting that the two proteins are involved in the formation of the mouse copulatory plug. Treatment of mouse seminal vesicle fluid with human prostate-specific antigen rapidly degraded semenoclotin, indicating a structural resemblance of this protein to human semenogelins, despite the vast difference in primary structure. As previously reported for other seminal-vesicle-secreted proteins, the semenoclotin transcripts are shown to be under androgen control.