Children who face development risks due to maternal addiction during pregnancy require extra medical and psychosocial resources

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Children who face development risks due to maternal addiction during pregnancy require extra medical and psychosocial resources. / Rangmar, Jenny; Lilja, Maria; Köhler, Marie; Reuter, Antonia.

I: Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, Vol. 108, Nr. 1, 2019, s. 101-105.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Children who face development risks due to maternal addiction during pregnancy require extra medical and psychosocial resources

AU - Rangmar, Jenny

AU - Lilja, Maria

AU - Köhler, Marie

AU - Reuter, Antonia

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Aim: This study examined medical and psychosocial risk factors in children born to women with addiction problems during pregnancy and the children's needs for extra medical and psychosocial resources. Methods: Swedish midwives routinely screen pregnant women for drugs and alcohol and refer women with addictions to the Maternity and Child Healthcare Resource Team. We investigated the medical records of 127 children (51% girls) whose mothers were referred to the Resource Team from 2009 to 2015. Additional data were obtained from local child healthcare services (CHS), which provide routine paediatric care. Results: More than three-quarters (76%) of the children had prenatal exposure to alcohol and drugs, and 17% were born with withdrawal symptoms. The mothers had a high rate of psychiatric diagnoses (38%) and were more likely to smoke after delivery and less likely to breastfeed than the general population. However, adherence to the CHS programme was generally high. Additional visits to the nurse, referrals to specialists, collaboration meetings and reports of concerns to social services decreased when the children began attending ordinary CHS centres. Conclusion: Children born to women with addictions during pregnancy faced a high risk of developmental problems and should be offered additional CHS resources to minimise negative long-term consequences.

AB - Aim: This study examined medical and psychosocial risk factors in children born to women with addiction problems during pregnancy and the children's needs for extra medical and psychosocial resources. Methods: Swedish midwives routinely screen pregnant women for drugs and alcohol and refer women with addictions to the Maternity and Child Healthcare Resource Team. We investigated the medical records of 127 children (51% girls) whose mothers were referred to the Resource Team from 2009 to 2015. Additional data were obtained from local child healthcare services (CHS), which provide routine paediatric care. Results: More than three-quarters (76%) of the children had prenatal exposure to alcohol and drugs, and 17% were born with withdrawal symptoms. The mothers had a high rate of psychiatric diagnoses (38%) and were more likely to smoke after delivery and less likely to breastfeed than the general population. However, adherence to the CHS programme was generally high. Additional visits to the nurse, referrals to specialists, collaboration meetings and reports of concerns to social services decreased when the children began attending ordinary CHS centres. Conclusion: Children born to women with addictions during pregnancy faced a high risk of developmental problems and should be offered additional CHS resources to minimise negative long-term consequences.

KW - Alcohol

KW - Drugs

KW - Extra healthcare resources

KW - Prenatal exposure

KW - Withdrawal symptoms

U2 - 10.1111/apa.14407

DO - 10.1111/apa.14407

M3 - Article

VL - 108

SP - 101

EP - 105

JO - Acta Pædiatrica

T2 - Acta Pædiatrica

JF - Acta Pædiatrica

SN - 1651-2227

IS - 1

ER -