Civil Society and the Democratic Peace

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Civil Society and the Democratic Peace. / Hegre, Håvard; Bernhard, Michael; Teorell, Jan.

I: Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 64, Nr. 1, 2020, s. 32-62.

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Hegre, Håvard ; Bernhard, Michael ; Teorell, Jan. / Civil Society and the Democratic Peace. I: Journal of Conflict Resolution. 2020 ; Vol. 64, Nr. 1. s. 32-62.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Civil Society and the Democratic Peace

AU - Hegre, Håvard

AU - Bernhard, Michael

AU - Teorell, Jan

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - We theorize that three distinct structures of democratic constraint explain why more democratic dyads do not engage in military conflict with each other. We build on earlier theories that focused on electoral and horizontal accountability. We add a new dimension—the social accountability provided by an active civil society. Using several new measures from the Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) data set, we stringently test these explanations. We find social accountability to be the strongest and most consistent predictor of nonbelligerence in dyads, that horizontal accountability is still important, but that the independent role of electoral accountability has been somewhat overstated. However, we do find that social and electoral accountability work strongly together, to make for an even greater effect. The finding is robust to a range of specifications and in the face of controls for contending theories that challenge the democratic peace (e.g., the capitalist and territorial peace theories).

AB - We theorize that three distinct structures of democratic constraint explain why more democratic dyads do not engage in military conflict with each other. We build on earlier theories that focused on electoral and horizontal accountability. We add a new dimension—the social accountability provided by an active civil society. Using several new measures from the Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) data set, we stringently test these explanations. We find social accountability to be the strongest and most consistent predictor of nonbelligerence in dyads, that horizontal accountability is still important, but that the independent role of electoral accountability has been somewhat overstated. However, we do find that social and electoral accountability work strongly together, to make for an even greater effect. The finding is robust to a range of specifications and in the face of controls for contending theories that challenge the democratic peace (e.g., the capitalist and territorial peace theories).

KW - democratic institutions

KW - democratic peace

KW - dyadic conflict

KW - interstate conflict

U2 - 10.1177/0022002719850620

DO - 10.1177/0022002719850620

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 32

EP - 62

JO - African Journal of Conflict Resolution

JF - African Journal of Conflict Resolution

SN - 0022-0027

IS - 1

ER -