Clinical and radiologic evaluation reveals high prevalence of abnormalities in young adults with dysphagia

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the radiologic findings in young adults with dysphagia undergoing barium swallow and to compare these with the final clinical diagnosis. Clinical history, barium swallow, endoscopy (21 patients), manometry (18 patients), 24 h pH monitoring (4 patients), and outcome of treatments were studied and compared in 43 patients aged 14-30 years (mean 24 years). There were 26 men and 17 women. Duration of symptoms varied between 2 weeks and 22 years and included globus (n = 22), obstruction (n = 31), water brash (n = 6), classic reflux symptoms (n = 10), atypical reflux symptoms (n = 9), slow eating (n = 6), and vomiting (n = 11). The final diagnosis was achalasia (n = 2), arteria lusoria (n = 1), esophagitis (n = 1), esophageal dysfunction (n = 11), esophageal stricture (n = 5), gastroesophageal reflux disease (n = 8), and pharyngeal dysfunction (n = 2). Thirteen patients were assessed to be normal. The result of the barium swallow was in agreement with the final diagnosis in all but 3 patients who were assessed as normal, and the final diagnosis was esophagitis (n = 1), dysmotility (n = 1), and reflux disease (n = 1). Anatomic and functional abnormalities are common in young adults with dysphagia. Barium swallow reveals the explanation of the symptoms in 70% of such patients. Radiology therefore should be the method of choice for the investigation of dysphagic young adults.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Radiologi och bildbehandling

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)202-207
TidskriftDysphagia
Volym13
Utgåva nummer4
StatusPublished - 1998
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa