Cloning and characterization of a promoter flanking the early B cell factor (EBF) gene indicates roles for E-proteins and autoregulation in the control of EBF expression.

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The early B cell factor (EBF) is a transcription factor shown crucial for the development of B lymphocytes. The protein is expressed from the earliest stages of B cell development until the mature B cell stage, but the control elements responsible for the regulation of the gene are unknown. In this study, we report of the identification of a promoter region flanking the EBF gene. Several transcription start sites were identified by primer extension analysis in a region approximately 3.1 kb from the predicted ATG. Transient transfections revealed that this region was able to stimulate transcription of a reporter gene in B lymphoid and to a lesser extent, myeloid cells, but not in a pre-T cell line. The promoter was also able to functionally interact with E47, suggesting that the EBF gene may be a direct target for activation by E-proteins. In addition, functional binding of EBF to its own promoter was confirmed by EMSA and transfection assays indicating that the EBF protein may be involved in an autoregulatory loop. Finally, a tissue-restricted factor was able to bind an upstream regulatory region in B-lineage cells, further supporting the idea that the cloned promoter participates in the regulation of stage and lineage specific expression of the EBF gene.


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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Immunologi inom det medicinska området


Sidor (från-till)261-270
TidskriftJournal of Immunology
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 2002
Peer review utfördJa