Computational Language Assessments of Harmony in Life - Not Satisfaction With Life or Rating Scales - Correlate With Cooperative Behaviors

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T1 - Computational Language Assessments of Harmony in Life - Not Satisfaction With Life or Rating Scales - Correlate With Cooperative Behaviors

AU - Kjell, Oscar

AU - Daukantaitė, Daiva

AU - Sikström, Sverker

N1 - Copyright © 2021 Kjell, Daukantaitė and Sikström.

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Different types of well-being are likely to be associated with different kinds of behaviors. The first objective of this study was, from a subjective well-being perspective, to examine whether harmony in life and satisfaction with life are related differently to cooperative behaviors depending on individuals' social value orientation. The second objective was, from a methodological perspective, to examine whether language-based assessments called computational language assessments (CLA), which enable respondents to answer with words that are analyzed using natural language processing, demonstrate stronger correlations with cooperation than traditional rating scales. Participants reported their harmony in life, satisfaction with life, and social value orientation before taking part in an online cooperative task. The results show that the CLA of overall harmony in life correlated with cooperation (all participants: r = 0.18, p < 0.05, n = 181) and that this was particularly true for prosocial participants (r = 0.35, p < 0.001, n = 96), whereas rating scales were not correlated (p > 0.05). No significant correlations (measured by the CLA or traditional rating scales) were found between satisfaction with life and cooperation. In conclusion, our study reveals an important behavioral difference between different types of subjective well-being. To our knowledge, this is the first study supporting the validity of self-reported CLA over traditional rating scales in relation to actual behaviors.

AB - Different types of well-being are likely to be associated with different kinds of behaviors. The first objective of this study was, from a subjective well-being perspective, to examine whether harmony in life and satisfaction with life are related differently to cooperative behaviors depending on individuals' social value orientation. The second objective was, from a methodological perspective, to examine whether language-based assessments called computational language assessments (CLA), which enable respondents to answer with words that are analyzed using natural language processing, demonstrate stronger correlations with cooperation than traditional rating scales. Participants reported their harmony in life, satisfaction with life, and social value orientation before taking part in an online cooperative task. The results show that the CLA of overall harmony in life correlated with cooperation (all participants: r = 0.18, p < 0.05, n = 181) and that this was particularly true for prosocial participants (r = 0.35, p < 0.001, n = 96), whereas rating scales were not correlated (p > 0.05). No significant correlations (measured by the CLA or traditional rating scales) were found between satisfaction with life and cooperation. In conclusion, our study reveals an important behavioral difference between different types of subjective well-being. To our knowledge, this is the first study supporting the validity of self-reported CLA over traditional rating scales in relation to actual behaviors.

KW - natural language processing (NLP)

KW - cooperation

KW - satisfaction with life

KW - computational language assessments

KW - harmony in life

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.601679

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.601679

M3 - Article

C2 - 34045988

VL - 12

SP - 601679

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

ER -