Controls of Spring Persistence Barrier Strength in Different ENSO Regimes and Implications for 21st Century Changes

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This paper investigates potential factors that control the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Spring Persistence Barrier (SPB) strength in two different ENSO regimes and apply it to explain the ENSO SPB strength modulation after the 21st century. In a damped, noise-driven model, the theoretical solution of SPB strength illustrates that a weaker ENSO growth rate strengthens SPB. In the self-sustained regime, as in the Cane-Zebiak model (chaotic system), the strengthened thermodynamic damping and weakened thermocline positive feedback lead to a more negative ENSO growth rate and, in turn, a stronger SPB. Therefore, in both ENSO regimes, a weaker ENSO growth rate intensifies the SPB. The application of the theory to the real world suggests that a more negative ENSO growth rate, corresponding to a more damped feedback system, is responsible for the stronger SPB in recent decades than in 1980–2000.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Peking University
  • Ohio State University
  • Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Geofysik


TidskriftGeophysical Research Letters
Utgåva nummer11
StatusPublished - 2020
Peer review utfördJa