Costs and Effects of an Ambulatory Geriatric Unit (the AGe-FIT Study): A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Costs and Effects of an Ambulatory Geriatric Unit (the AGe-FIT Study) : A Randomized Controlled Trial. / Ekdahl, Anne W; Wirehn, Ann-Britt; Alwin, Jenny; Jaarsma, Tiny; Unosson, Mitra; Husberg, Magnus; Eckerblad, Jeanette; Milberg, Anna; Krevers, Barbro; Carlsson, Per.

I: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, Vol. 16, Nr. 6, 01.06.2015, s. 497-503.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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Ekdahl, AW, Wirehn, A-B, Alwin, J, Jaarsma, T, Unosson, M, Husberg, M, Eckerblad, J, Milberg, A, Krevers, B & Carlsson, P 2015, 'Costs and Effects of an Ambulatory Geriatric Unit (the AGe-FIT Study): A Randomized Controlled Trial', Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, vol. 16, nr. 6, s. 497-503. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2015.01.074

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Ekdahl, Anne W ; Wirehn, Ann-Britt ; Alwin, Jenny ; Jaarsma, Tiny ; Unosson, Mitra ; Husberg, Magnus ; Eckerblad, Jeanette ; Milberg, Anna ; Krevers, Barbro ; Carlsson, Per. / Costs and Effects of an Ambulatory Geriatric Unit (the AGe-FIT Study) : A Randomized Controlled Trial. I: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 2015 ; Vol. 16, Nr. 6. s. 497-503.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Costs and Effects of an Ambulatory Geriatric Unit (the AGe-FIT Study)

T2 - Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

AU - Ekdahl, Anne W

AU - Wirehn, Ann-Britt

AU - Alwin, Jenny

AU - Jaarsma, Tiny

AU - Unosson, Mitra

AU - Husberg, Magnus

AU - Eckerblad, Jeanette

AU - Milberg, Anna

AU - Krevers, Barbro

AU - Carlsson, Per

N1 - Copyright © 2015 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/6/1

Y1 - 2015/6/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To examine costs and effects of care based on comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) provided by an ambulatory geriatric care unit (AGU) in addition to usual care.DESIGN: Assessor-blinded, single-center randomized controlled trial.SETTING: AGU in an acute hospital in southeastern Sweden.PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 75 years or older who had received inpatient hospital care 3 or more times in the past 12 months and had 3 or more concomitant medical diagnoses were eligible for study inclusion and randomized to the intervention group (IG; n = 208) or control group (CG; n = 174). Mean age (SD) was 82.5 (4.9) years.INTERVENTION: Participants in the IG received CGA-based care at the AGU in addition to usual care.OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was number of hospitalizations. Secondary outcomes were days in hospital and nursing home, mortality, cost of public health and social care, participant' sense of security in care, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).RESULTS: Baseline characteristics did not differ between groups. The number of hospitalizations did not differ between the IG (2.1) and CG (2.4), but the number of inpatient days was lower in the IG (11.1 vs 15.2; P = .035). The IG showed trends of reduced mortality (hazard ratio 1.51; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.988-2.310; P = .057) and an increased sense of security in care interaction. No difference in HRQoL was observed. Costs for the IG and CG were 33,371 £ (39,947 £) and 30,490 £ (31,568 £; P = .432).CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study of CGA-based care was performed in an ambulatory care setting, in contrast to the greater part of studies of the effects of CGA, which have been conducted in hospital settings. This study confirms the superiority of this type of care to elderly people in terms of days in hospital and sense of security in care interaction and that a shift to more accessible care for older people with multimorbidity is possible without increasing costs. This study can aid the planning of future interventions for older people.TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01446757.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To examine costs and effects of care based on comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) provided by an ambulatory geriatric care unit (AGU) in addition to usual care.DESIGN: Assessor-blinded, single-center randomized controlled trial.SETTING: AGU in an acute hospital in southeastern Sweden.PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 75 years or older who had received inpatient hospital care 3 or more times in the past 12 months and had 3 or more concomitant medical diagnoses were eligible for study inclusion and randomized to the intervention group (IG; n = 208) or control group (CG; n = 174). Mean age (SD) was 82.5 (4.9) years.INTERVENTION: Participants in the IG received CGA-based care at the AGU in addition to usual care.OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was number of hospitalizations. Secondary outcomes were days in hospital and nursing home, mortality, cost of public health and social care, participant' sense of security in care, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).RESULTS: Baseline characteristics did not differ between groups. The number of hospitalizations did not differ between the IG (2.1) and CG (2.4), but the number of inpatient days was lower in the IG (11.1 vs 15.2; P = .035). The IG showed trends of reduced mortality (hazard ratio 1.51; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.988-2.310; P = .057) and an increased sense of security in care interaction. No difference in HRQoL was observed. Costs for the IG and CG were 33,371 £ (39,947 £) and 30,490 £ (31,568 £; P = .432).CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study of CGA-based care was performed in an ambulatory care setting, in contrast to the greater part of studies of the effects of CGA, which have been conducted in hospital settings. This study confirms the superiority of this type of care to elderly people in terms of days in hospital and sense of security in care interaction and that a shift to more accessible care for older people with multimorbidity is possible without increasing costs. This study can aid the planning of future interventions for older people.TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01446757.

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Ambulatory Care

KW - Cause of Death

KW - Cost-Benefit Analysis

KW - Female

KW - Geriatric Assessment

KW - Health Services Research

KW - Hospitalization

KW - Humans

KW - Interviews as Topic

KW - Male

KW - Patient Care Team

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Single-Blind Method

KW - Sweden

KW - Journal Article

KW - Randomized Controlled Trial

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1016/j.jamda.2015.01.074

DO - 10.1016/j.jamda.2015.01.074

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 497

EP - 503

JO - Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

JF - Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

SN - 1525-8610

IS - 6

ER -